Greater Zandvlei Estuary Nature Reserve 

Plant List

Chasmanthe aethiopica    Suurknol

PLANTS  recorded at the Greater Zandvlei Estuary Nature Reserve since 1998

The list is being added too as the plants are identified.

 

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Key to presence

Common               C
Fairly common       FC
Very common        VC
Red Data Species  RD

Indigenous Plants

No.

Family   Species  Common name 

Status

1. AIZOACEAE Carpobrotus acinaciformis Suurvy 
2. AIZOACEAE Carpobrotus edulis Perdevy
3. AIZOACEAE Jordaaniella dubia Helder kruip vygie
4. AIZOACEAE Lampranthus reptans RD
5. AIZOACEAE Phyllobolus canaliculatus
6. AIZOACEAE Ruschia macowanii Bos vygie
7. AIZOACEAE Tetragonia ?decumbens
8. AIZOACEAE Tetragonia fruticosa Kinkelbossie
9. AMARYLLIDACEAE Sarcocornia prob. natalensis See koraal
10. AMARYLLIDACEAE Amaryllis belladonna March lily, Maartblom
11. AMARYLLIDACEAE Brunsvigia orientalis Candelabra flower, koningskandelaar
12. AMARYLLIDACEAE Haemanthus coccineus April fool, blood flower
13. ANACARDIACEAE Rhus glauca Blue kuni-bush, blou koenibos
14. ANACARDIACEAE Rhus laevigata Dune taaibos, duine taaibos
15. ANACARDIACEAE Rhus lucida Blink taaibos, wild current
16. APIACEAE Annessorhiza macrocarpa Wilde-anyswortel
17. APIACEAE Dasispermum suffruticosum Duine seldery
18. APIACEAE Torilis arvensis Wilde wortel
19. APOCYNACEAE Cynanchum africanum Bobbejaantou
20. APOCYNACEAE Cynanchum obtusifolium Monkey rope
21. APOCYNACEAE Gomphocarpus fruticosus Milkweed, tontelbossie
22. ARACEAE Lemna gibba Duckweed, damslyk
23. ARACEAE Wolffia arrhiza
24. ARACEAE Zantedeschia aethiopica Arum lily, varkblom
25. ARALIACEAE Centella asiatica Varkoortjies
26. ASPARAGACEAE Asparagus aethiopicus Haakdoring
27. ASPARAGACEAE Asparagus asparagoides Cape Smilax, breeblaar kransie
28. ASPARAGACEAE Asparagus capensis Katdoring, wilde aspersie
29. ASPARAGACEAE Asparagus lignosus Wit haakdoring
30. ASPHODELACEAE Bulbine sp. (not asphodeloides)
31. ASPHODELACEAE Trachyandra ciliata Wilde blomkoo
32. ASPHODELACEAE Trachyandra divaricata Waaibossie
33. ASTERACEAE Chrysanthemoides monilifera Bietou, Brother berry
34. ASTERACEAE Conyza pinnatifida
35. ASTERACEAE Conyza scabrida Ovenbush, bakbesem bossie, oondbos
36. ASTERACEAE Dimorphotheca pluvialis Ox-eye daisy, witbotter blom
37. ASTERACEAE Felicia tenella Astertjie
38. ASTERACEAE Helichrysum crispum
39. ASTERACEAE Helichrysum niveum
40. ASTERACEAE Helichrysum patulum Kooigoed
41. ASTERACEAE Metalasia muricata Blombos, witsteekbossie
42. ASTERACEAE Nidorella foetida Vleikruid
43. ASTERACEAE Plecostachys serpyllifolia Vaaltee
44. ASTERACEAE Senecio burchellii Molteno disease plant, Gifbossie
45. ASTERACEAE Senecio elegans Wild cineraria, strandblommtjie
46. ASTERACEAE Senecio halimifolius Tabakbos
47. ASTERACEAE Senecio maritimus Strand hongerblom
48. ASTERACEAE Vellereophyton dealbatum
49. CAMPANULACEAE Wimmerella bifida
50. CAMPANULACEAE Lobelia sp.1
51. CAMPANULACEAE Wahlenbergia sp.
52. CELASTRACEAE Gymnosporia buxifolia Lemoendoring, stinkblom-bos
53. CELASTRACEAE Pterocelastrus tricuspidatus Cherrywood, kershout
54. CHENOPODIACEAE Exomis microphylla Brakbossie, hondebossie
55. COLCHICACEAE Androcymbium capense Patrysblom, patrysie
56. CRASSULACEAE Crassula glomerata Brakvygie
57. CUCURBITACEAE Kedrostis nana Bryony, ystervarkpatats
58. CYPERACEAE Bolboschoenus maritimus
59. CYPERACEAE Carex clavata
60. CYPERACEAE Carex ecklonii
61. CYPERACEAE Cyperus longus Waterbiesie
62. CYPERACEAE Cyperus sp.
63. CYPERACEAE Ficinia argyropa
64. CYPERACEAE Ficinia trichodes
65. CYPERACEAE Fuirena coerulescens
66. CYPERACEAE Hellmuthia membranacea Knopbiesie
67. CYPERACEAE Pycreus polystachyos
68. CYPERACEAE Schoenoplectus scirpoideus
69. CYPERACEAE Scirpoides nodosus
70. EBENACEAE Euclea racemosa Bush guarri, Sea guarr
71. EUPHORBIACEAE Euphorbia marlothiana RD
72. FABACEAE Aspalathus forbesii
73. FABACEAE Aspalathus hispida Wasblommetjiesbossie, wit ertjiebos
74. FABACEAE Otholobium bracteolatum
75. FABACEAE Psoralea glaucina Blouteebossie RD
76. FABACEAE Psoralea repens RD
77. FUMARIACEAE Cysticapnos vesicarius Klappertjies
78. GENTIANACEAE Chironia baccifera Christmas berry, aambei-bossie
79. GENTIANACEAE Sebaea aurea Klein geel naeltjiesblom
80. GERANIACEA Geranium incanum Horlosies, vrouebossie
81. GERANIACEA Pelargonium betulinum Maagpynbossie, kanferblaar
82. GERANIACEA Pelargonium capitatum Rose-scented pelargonium, kus malva
83. GERANIACEA Pelargonium cucullatum Wildemalva
84. HYACINTHACEAE Albuca sp. (prob. flaccida) Slang tamarak
85. HYACINTHACEAE Lachenalia bulbifera Rooinaeltjie
86. HYACINTHACEAE Lachenalia rubida Sand viooltjie
87. IRIDACEAE Babiana ambigua Bobbejaantjie
88. IRIDACEAE Chasmanthe aethiopica Suurkanolpypie
89. IRIDACEAE Ferraria crispa Spinnekopblom, uiltjie
90. IRIDACEAE Gladiolus angustus
91. IRIDACEAE Gladiolus cunonius Lepelblom
92. IRIDACEAE Gladiolus undulatus Rooibontpypie, painted lady
93. IRIDACEAE Ixia paniculata Pyp kalossie
94. IRIDACEAE Moraea bulbillifera
95. IRIDACEAE Moraea fugax Hottentotsbrood, soet uitjie
96. IRIDACEAE Romulea cf. hirsuta Pienk frutang
97. IRIDACEAE Romulea rosea Frutang, knikkertjie
98. IRIDACEAE Romulea tabularis Blou froetang
99. JUNCACEAE Juncus cf. capensis
100. JUNCACEAE Juncus cf. punctorius
101. JUNCACEAE Juncus kraussii Rush, biesie
102. JUNCAGINACEAE Triglochin bulbosa Bolletjieblom
103. LAMIACEAE Leonotis leonurus Wild dagga, duiwelstabak
104. LAMIACEAE Salvia africana-lutea Wild sage, bloublomsalie
105. LAMIACEAE Cassytha ciliolata False dodder, devil=s tresses, nooienshaar
106. MENISPERMACEAE Cissampelos capensis Davidjies, fynblaarklimop
107. MYRICACEAE Morella cordifolia
108. OLEACEAE Olea europaea ssp africana Wild olive, swartolienhou
109. OLEACEAE Olea exasperata Basterolienhout
110. ORCHIDACEAE Disa bracteata Orgidekie
111. ORCHIDACEAE Holothrix villosa Wollie
112. ORCHIDACEAE Satyrium carneum Rooikoppie, rooitrewwa, RD
113. ORCHIDACEAE Satyrium odorum Ruiktrewwa
114. OXALIDACEAE Oxalis pes-caprae Geelsuring
115. OXALIDACEAE Oxalis purpurea Groot suring
116. OXALIDACEAE Oxalis sp. 1 (blue)
117. OXALIDACEAE Oxalis sp.2 (orange)
118. PLUMBAGINACEAE Limonium prob. scabrum Sea lavender, brakblommetjie
119. POACEAE Cynodon dactylon Gewone kweekgras
120. POACEAE Ehrharta calycina Common ehrharta, polgras
121. POACEAE Ehrharta villosa Pypgras
122. POACEAE Imperata cylindrica
123. POACEAE Melica racemosa Haakgras, dronkgras
124. POACEAE Merxmuellera sp.
125. POACEAE Pentaschistis pallida
126. POACEAE Phragmites australis Common reed, fluitjiesrie
127. POACEAE Polypogon strictus
128. POACEAE Sporobolus africanus Vleigras
129. POACEAE Sporobolus virginicus Brakgras
130. POACEAE Stenotaphrum secundatum Buffalo grass, buffelsgras
131. POLYGALACEAE Muraltia mitior RD
132. POLYGALACEAE Nylandtia spinosa Skilpadbessie, duinebessie
133. POTAMOGETONACEAE Potamogeton pectinatus Fonteingras
134. PRIMULACEAE Samolus porosus
135. RESTIONACEAE Chondropetalum nudum
136. RESTIONACEAE Elegia cf. vaginulata
137. RESTIONACEAE Ischyrolepis sp.
138. RESTIONACEAE Thamnochortus spicigerus Duineriet
139. RESTIONACEAE Willdenowia teres
140. RHAMNACEAE Phylica ericoides
141. ROSACEAE Cliffortia obcordata
142. ROSACEAE Cliffortia stricta
143. ROSACEAE Cliffortia strobilifera Pypsteelbos, vleibos
144. RUBIACEAE Anthospermum aethiopicum Jakkalsstert, seeroog-bossie
145. RUBIACEAE Galium tomentosum Kleefgras
146. SANTALACEAE Osyris compressa Wilde granaat, Bergbas-boom, Barkbush
147. SANTALACEAE Thesium frisea
148. SAPOTACEAE Sideroxylon inerme Melkhoutboom
149. SCROPHULARIACEAE Manulea tomentosa Duine vingertjies
150. SCROPHULARIACEAE Zalusianskya villosa Drumsticks
151. SOLANACEAE Lycium afrum Kraal honey-thorn, kraal-kriekdoring, bokdoring
152. SOLANACEAE Lycium ferocissimum Slangbessie
153. SOLANACEAE Solanum guineense Melkellie
154. SOLANACEAE Solanum tomentosum Slangappelbos
155.

THYMELEACEAE

Gnidia spicata
156. THYMELEACEAE Passerina paleacea
157. THYMELEACEAE Passerina paludosa RD
158. THYMELEACEAE Passerina rigida
159. THYMELEACEAE Passerina vulgaris Sand gonnabos
160. TYPHACEAE Typha capensis Bulrush, matjiesgoed, pap-kuil
161. VISCACEAE Viscum capensis Voelent, lidjiestee
 

Acacia saligna Port Jackson

Exotic Invassive Plants

No.

Family

Species

Common name

Notes on Control
1. ALLIACEAE Allium sp.1 Removal of bulbs
2. ANACARDIACEAE Schinus terebinthefolius Eradicated. Occasional seedling control.
3. ASTERACEAE Conyza bonariensis No control measures yet.
4. ASTERACEAE Senecio pterophorus Hand pulling.
5. ASTERACEAE Senecio tamoides Chemical spraying implemented.
6. AZOLLACEAE Azolla filliculoides Biological control with Stenopelmus rufinasus.
7. BORAGINACEAE Echium plantagineum Bloudisse Hand pulling.
8. COMMELINACEAE Commelina benghalensis No control measures yet.
9. EUPHORBIACEAE Euphorbia cf. helioscopa Gifbossie, Milkweed No control measures yet.
10. FABACEAE Acacia cyclops Rooikrans Adults eradicated, seedling control.
11. FABACEAE Acacia mearnsii Black Wattle Hand pulling and picking flowerheads allows limited control.
12. FABACEAE Acacia saligna Port Jackson Adults eradicated, seedling control.
13. FABACEAE Acacia longifolia Long-leaf Wattle Adults eradicated, seedling control.
14. MALVACEAE Lavatera arborea No control measures yet.
15. MYOPORACEAE Myoporum tenuifolium Manatoka Few adult trees for wind/shade, long term aim is their removal.
16. ONAGRACEAE Oenothera sp. No control measures yet.
17. PLANTAGUNACEAE Plantago lanceolata Lamb's tongue, buckhorn No control measures yet.
18. POACEAE Lagurus ovatus Hare's tail, haasstert No control measures yet.
19. POACEAE Pennisetum clandestinum Kikuyu grass Kikuyu sprayed, requires a follow up. 
20. POACEAE Polypogon monspeliensis No control measures yet.
21. POLYGONACEAE Rumex sp.1 No control measures yet.
22. POLYGONACEAE Rumex sp.2 No control measures yet.
23. PONTEDERIACEAE Eichhornia crassipes Water Hyacinth Biological control with Neochetina bruchi, N. eichorniae.
24. SALVINIACEAE Salvinia molesta Kariba weed Biological control with Cytobagous salviniae. Intolerant of high salinity.
25. Cestrum laevigatum Eradicated. Occasional seedling control.
26. Anredera cordifolia Maderia vine sprayed, requires a follow up.
27. Lantana camara Lantana

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